Built by the Romans in the 3rd century, Lugo is dominated by its city
walls. These run for a distance of over two kilometres, with a walltop sentry path from
which splendid views can be had of the city, the Los Ancares scenery, the hills of the
county of Guntín and the Miño river valley. Dating from these times too are the thermal
springs at the Balneario de Lugo (Lugo spa) on the banks of the Miño.
The Roman Wall, was built between the years 260 and
310 of our era. It is the only in Europe that conserves its whole perimeter of more than
2000 metres. Its height varies from 8 to 12 metres; formerly with 85 round turrets, and
nowadays more than 70 are conserved. Its layout encloses the old part of the city, to
which you get through its ten doors, only four of which have Roman origin. The remaining
ones were opened with the need of the urban development of the city. In 1999, a group of
enterprising people took the initiative in order to promote the Roman wall of Lugo
outside this city. The project "Cumulum" finished on September 2000. For five months,
more than 6000 people took part in this original project surrounding the wall with more
than 500.000 books given by the people, which were then given to several organizations
in Latin America. Finally, on November 30th 2000, the Roman wall of Lugo was declared
'Humanity Heritage' by the UNESCO.
The Cathedral, construction begins in the year 1129,
giving as a result a Romanesque-gothic temple, which has improved with time with
alterations of other architectural styles. The North Door is from the first stage, which
holds two interesting sculptural pieces; in the 17th century, a
Renaissance choir is incorporated as well as the altarpiece of the high altar; the
cloister and the chapel of the Virxe dos Ollos Grandes are from the 17th and 18th
centuries. The Most Holy is shown on the high altar day and night: the cathedral has had
this privilege for ages.
Churches and Convents, close to the provincial
museum, we have the parish church of San Pedro. It was the temple of the old convent of
San Francisco and it is noticeable its gothic apse and its front. The convent of Santo
Domingo was founded in the 13th century and in the 17th it suffered important changes.
Today the church is left, the parish of Santiago, the new one. The church of San
Froilán, the church of the Carmen and the chapel of San Roque are from the baroque era.
Outside the city we have the Romanesque churches of Meilán, Bacerín and Mazo; and the
baroque church of the Burgo.
WINES AND TAPAS - Another way to sample the rich Lugo
cuisine is by "tapeo", through the wide variety of "tapas" (little snacks) in bars and
taverns which are customarily on offer, together with the typical cup of ribeiro or any
other wine. The most common wine areas are: Plaza del Campo and nearby: Rúa da Cruz, Rúa
Nova, Rúa Catedral. Recatelo: Near the Rosalía de Castro park. Zona de Milagrosa: in the
north of the city. Campo Castelo: behind the city hall.
Vilalba, capital of the
Terra Chá, is also the capital of the township with the
same name and it has as its limits, to the north, the councils of Xermade, Muras and
Abadín; to the west, Xermade and Guitiriz; and to the south, Cospeito, Guitiriz and
Begonte. This town was born beside the castle that belonged to the house of Andrade,
today Parador Nacional, and nowadays an important head in the farming region, with
trading and services functions, among which we must point up the ones related to the
tourism, because due to its geographical position, it is a compulsory visit for those
who go to Galicia and to the north of Portugal, and it is placed on both sides of the
Santander-A Coruña and Madrid-Ferrol. As the name of the region indicates, the
topography of this council is characterized by its flatness, except in the areas of the
mountain range of the Carba and in Pena do Mirador. The hydrographic system is organized
around the bank of the river Miño and in a narrow band of the north flows into the Eume.
The mountain range of A Carba is the water divisor line between both banks and several
streams are born there, which flow in the Támoga or Santaballa and in the rivers Trimaz
and Magdalena, which drain most part of the township.
Hill-fort, discovery took place when in 1911, a local farmer got caught in his
plough a gold torque braclet, which produced a series of excavation works since the
70's that left an almost circular acropolis of 10,000 square metres of surface on
sight, surrounded by a defensive system made up by an alternate succession of walls and
ditches. Inside the constructions are very different, belived to have been inhabited for
seven or eight centuries, even surviving in the Roman age. It is the most valuable
hill-fort from the didactic point of view, although there is a lot of land that is still
un-excavated, but there are plenty of remains: torque, necklace pieces, brooches, a dart
board, coins… which are shown in the monographic museum next to the site itself. Apart
from the exposition rooms, where models and photographs are shown, it also has a
restoration workshop. The site is a true formal model of a hillfort characteristic of
the Northwest, with several walls and moats that lodge two antecastros or terrazes and
the one ample acropole or central crown. In this main enclosure it is where they are
most of the constructions discovered until now: houses, corrals and warehouses, some
building of social or communal use, etc., grouped all of them forming joint or districts
that articulate around two main streets and one make the rounds compares to the main